The Federal Trade Commission has filed a complaint to stop LeanSpa, a weight loss company that has allegedly used fake news websites from affiliate marketers to promote its acai products. LeanSpa parties apparently used affiliate marketers to drive interest to their program. Allegedly, the affiliates used “fake news sites” to fein credibility about the products and drive traffic to the main site; thus, earning themselves commissions. In its press release, the FTC states,
The complaint alleges that the defendants hired affiliate marketers who used fake news websites to promote the defendants’ products. The fake news websites used domain names that appear to be objective news or health sites, such as channel8health.com, dailyhealth6.com, and online6health.com. . . The fake news sites had links to the defendants’ own websites, where consumers were offered trial samples of two weight-loss dietary supplements: an acai-berry product and a colon cleanse product. The affiliate marketers earned a commission for each consumer who landed on their sites and signed up for a trial.”
There are three things that stand-out with this lawsuit that are relevant for the MLM community.
First, never outsource the creation of marketing materials without proper guidelines.
In the case mentioned above, the FTC highlighted the marketing practices leveraged by the affiliates. The affiliates were obviously creating their own marketing materials, leading them to pretend to be objective reporters and using with legitimate-looking domain names. Although they were not agents of the company, the behavior still got the company in serious trouble. With MLM companies, it’s more complex than a simple affiliate model. With a MLM model, it’s specifically designed to not only recruit and retain first level affiliates, it’s designed to empower those individuals to sponsor and train other people. It’s an affiliate model on steroids. With this in mind, it’s imperative for companies to at least maintain approval-rights before a leader can develop MLM training. This includes restraining the field’s ability to create internet landing pages. It seems harsh, but it’s the irresponsible 1% that can lead to the ship burning down.
Second, when making endorsements, affiliates must disclose their relationship
In the past, I wrote about the revised FTC guidelines. In these guidelines, the FTC makes it painfully clear that when there’s a financial connection between an endorser and a business, the endorser is obligated it disclose the relationship. Specifically, it requires disclosure when: “When there exists a connection between the endorser and the seller of the advertised product that might materially affect the weight or credibility of the endorsement (i.e., the connection is not reasonably expected by the audience), such connection must be fully disclosed.” With LeanSpa, the affiliates were trying to pretend to be objective reports, which put the company at substantial risk.
Third, avoid the “Negative-Option Continuity” plan
This one is just plain common-sense. A negative-option plan is one where a participant is automatically enrolled in an autoship and they need to specifically opt-out. With LeanSpa, apparently people were enticed into purchasing small samples of the product. However, they failed to realize that they were also committing to a monthly $80 purchase of inventory. If a MLM business has an autoship program, it’s vital to ensure the distributor specifically chooses to participate in the program. Do not allow the sponsor to enroll the distributor into an autoship program without express consent. And be candid about the financial commitment involved.
Bonus: Playing dumb never works.
It would be easy for a company like LeanSpa to say, “we’re not able to control how these people market our products.” At the end of the day, the FTC is not going to buy the argument. Companies cannot reap the benefits of misrepresentation without accepting responsibility from the methods by which the benefits were obtained. While it’s hard to run a tight ship, it’s incumbent upon every MLM company to do it right given the high stakes. MLM compliance departments are very important.
What are your thoughts? Do you see any poorly run websites out there run by distributors? How should the company monitor the web to prevent it?